Hermann Göring hatte vier Geschwister: Karl Ernst Göring (* ; † );; Olga Therese Sophie (* ; † 7. Oktober in Tweng), verheiratet mit dem. Hier finden Sie alle News und Hintergrund-Informationen von ZEIT ONLINE zu Hermann Göring. Hermann Göring im Dritten Reich, München ; Gerhard Stoltenberg, Göring, in: NDB 6, , S. ; Hermann Weiß (Hg.), Biographisches Lexikon zum.
BR-NavigationHermann Göring hatte vier Geschwister: Karl Ernst Göring (* ; † );; Olga Therese Sophie (* ; † 7. Oktober in Tweng), verheiratet mit dem. Hermann Wilhelm Göring war ein führender deutscher nationalsozialistischer Politiker. Ab Mai war er Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Ab / übernahm er die Führung der deutschen Wirtschaft und das Reichswirtschaftsministerium. Hier finden Sie alle News und Hintergrund-Informationen von ZEIT ONLINE zu Hermann Göring.
Hermann Göring Navigation menu VideoJune 29th 1941 - Hermann Goering is named Hitlers successor - HISTORY CALENDAR Things had not been carried out the way the United States had planned. Wikimedia Commons Young Hermann Renee OConnor during Supergrass First World War. Byhis Luftwaffe was failing in its mission of breaking Russia and protecting Germany against the Allies. By Sam Leith. We would not have gone as far south as Freetown, for example. Im März übernahm er als Die Weihnachtshütte der Flieger den Oberbefehl über die neugegründete Luftwaffe. Commons Wikiquote. Nach der Machtübernahme ernennt Hitler ihn zum Ministerpräsidenten. Armee abkommandiert.
In July , Hitler began preparations for an invasion of Britain. As part of the plan, the Royal Air Force RAF had to be neutralized. Bombing raids commenced on British air installations and on cities and centres of industry.
The campaign failed, and Sea Lion was postponed indefinitely on 17 September On 12 October Hitler cancelled Sea Lion due to the onset of winter.
In spite of the Molotov—Ribbentrop Pact , signed in , Nazi Germany began Operation Barbarossa —the invasion of the Soviet Union—on 22 June Initially the Luftwaffe was at an advantage, destroying thousands of Soviet aircraft in the first month of fighting.
The choice was made to concentrate the attack on only one part of the vast front; efforts would be directed at capturing Moscow.
Hitler did not give permission for even a partial retreat until mid-January ; by this time the losses were comparable to those of the French invasion of Russia in Hitler decided that the summer campaign would be concentrated in the south; efforts would be made to capture the oilfields in the Caucasus.
When the Sixth Army was surrounded by the end of November in Operation Uranus , Göring promised that the Luftwaffe would be able to deliver a minimum of tons of supplies to the trapped men every day.
On the basis of these assurances, Hitler demanded that there be no retreat; they were to fight to the last man. Though some airlifts were able to get through, the amount of supplies delivered never exceeded tons per day.
Meanwhile, the strength of the US and British bomber fleets had increased. Based in Britain, they began operations against German targets. The first thousand-bomber raid was staged on Cologne on 30 May Göring refused to believe reports that American fighters had been shot down as far east as Aachen in winter His reputation began to decline.
From that point onwards, the Luftwaffe began to suffer casualties in aircrews it could not sufficiently replace. By targeting oil refineries and rail communications, Allied bombers crippled the German war effort by late As the Soviets approached Berlin, Hitler's efforts to organise the defence of the city became ever more meaningless and futile.
By this time, Göring's hunting lodge Carinhall had been evacuated, the building destroyed,  and its art treasures moved to Berchtesgaden and elsewhere.
OKW operations chief Alfred Jodl was present for Hitler's rant, and notified Göring's chief of staff, Karl Koller , at a meeting a few hours later.
Sensing its implications, Koller immediately flew to Berchtesgaden to notify Göring of this development. A week after the start of the Soviet invasion, Hitler had issued a decree naming Göring his successor in the event of his death, thus codifying the declaration he had made soon after the beginning of the war.
The decree also gave Göring full authority to act as Hitler's deputy if Hitler ever lost his freedom of action. Göring feared being branded a traitor if he tried to take power, but also feared being accused of dereliction of duty if he did nothing.
After some hesitation, Göring reviewed his copy of the decree naming him Hitler's successor. After conferring with Koller and Hans Lammers the state secretary of the Reich Chancellery , Göring concluded that by remaining in Berlin to face certain death, Hitler had incapacitated himself from governing.
All agreed that under the terms of the decree, it was incumbent upon Göring to take power in Hitler's stead. With this in mind, Göring sent a carefully worded telegram asking Hitler for permission to take over as the leader of Germany, stressing that he would be acting as Hitler's deputy.
He added that, if Hitler did not reply by that night 23 April , he would assume that Hitler had indeed lost his freedom of action, and would assume leadership of the Reich.
The telegram was intercepted by Bormann, who convinced Hitler that Göring was a traitor. Bormann argued that Göring's telegram was not a request for permission to act as Hitler's deputy, but a demand to resign or be overthrown.
Göring duly resigned. Afterwards, Hitler or Bormann, depending on the source ordered the SS to place Göring, his staff, and Lammers under house arrest at Obersalzberg.
By 26 April, the complex at Obersalzberg was under attack by the Allies, so Göring was moved to his castle at Mauterndorf. In his last will and testament , Hitler expelled Göring from the party, formally rescinded the decree making him his successor, and upbraided Göring for "illegally attempting to seize control of the state.
Hitler and his wife, Eva Braun , committed suicide on 30 April , a few hours after a hastily arranged wedding. Göring was freed on 5 May by a passing Luftwaffe unit, and he made his way to the US lines in hopes of surrendering to them rather than to the Soviets.
He was taken into custody near Radstadt on 6 May by elements of the 36th Infantry Division of the US Army. Göring was flown to Camp Ashcan , a temporary prisoner-of-war camp housed in the Palace Hotel at Mondorf-les-Bains , Luxembourg.
His IQ was tested while in custody and found to be Göring was the second-highest-ranking official tried at Nuremberg, behind Reich President former Admiral Karl Dönitz.
The prosecution levelled an indictment of four charges, including a charge of conspiracy; waging a war of aggression; war crimes, including the plundering and removal to Germany of works of art and other property ; and crimes against humanity, including the disappearance of political and other opponents under the Nacht und Nebel Night and Fog decree; the torture and ill-treatment of prisoners of war; and the murder and enslavement of civilians, including what was at the time estimated to be 5,, Jews.
Not permitted to present a lengthy statement, Göring declared himself to be "in the sense of the indictment not guilty".
The trial lasted days; the prosecution presented their case from November through March, and Göring's defence—the first to be presented—lasted from 8 to 22 March.
The sentences were read out on 30 September He constantly took notes and whispered with the other defendants, and tried to control the erratic behaviour of Hess , who was seated beside him.
On several occasions over the course of the trial, the prosecution showed films of the concentration camps and other atrocities.
Everyone present, including Göring, found the contents of the films shocking; he said that the films must have been faked.
Witnesses, including Paul Koerner and Erhard Milch , tried to portray Göring as a peaceful moderate. Milch stated it had been impossible to oppose Hitler or disobey his orders; to do so would likely have meant death for oneself and one's family.
He gave evasive, convoluted answers to direct questions and had plausible excuses for all his actions during the war. He used the witness stand as a venue to expound at great length on his own role in the Reich, attempting to present himself as a peacemaker and diplomat before the outbreak of the war.
Jackson read out the minutes of a meeting that had been held shortly after Kristallnacht , a major pogrom in November At the meeting, Göring had plotted to confiscate Jewish property in the wake of the pogrom.
Göring was found guilty on all four counts and was sentenced to death by hanging. The judgment stated:. There is nothing to be said in mitigation.
For Göring was often, indeed almost always, the moving force, second only to his leader. He was the leading war aggressor, both as political and as military leader; he was the director of the slave labour programme and the creator of the oppressive programme against the Jews and other races, at home and abroad.
All of these crimes he has frankly admitted. On some specific cases there may be conflict of testimony, but in terms of the broad outline, his own admissions are more than sufficiently wide to be conclusive of his guilt.
His guilt is unique in its enormity. The record discloses no excuses for this man. Göring made an appeal asking to be shot as a soldier instead of hanged as a common criminal, but the court refused.
One theory as to how Göring obtained the poison holds that US Army Lieutenant Jack G. Wheelis, who was stationed at the Nuremberg Trials, retrieved the capsules from their hiding place among Göring's personal effects that had been confiscated by the Army and handed them over to the prisoner,  after being bribed by Göring, who gave him his gold watch, pen, and cigarette case.
Stivers later said that he did not know what was in the pill until after Göring's suicide. Göring's body, as with those of the men who were executed, was displayed at the execution ground for the witnesses of the executions.
The bodies were cremated at Ostfriedhof , Munich, and the ashes were scattered in the Isar River. Göring's name is closely associated with the Nazi plunder of Jewish property.
His name appears times on the OSS Art Looting Investigation Unit ALIU Red Flag Names List  compiled by US Army intelligence in and declassified in The confiscation of Jewish property gave Göring the opportunity to amass a personal fortune.
Some properties he seized himself or acquired for a nominal price. In other cases, he collected bribes for allowing others to steal Jewish property.
He took kickbacks from industrialists for favourable decisions as Four Year Plan director, and money for supplying arms to the Spanish Republicans in the Spanish Civil War via Pyrkal in Greece although Germany was supporting Franco and the Nationalists.
Göring was appointed Reich Master of the Hunt in and Master of the German Forests in He instituted reforms to the forestry laws and acted to protect endangered species.
There he built an elaborate hunting lodge, Carinhall, in memory of his first wife, Carin. By , her body had been transported to the site and placed in a vault on the estate.
Some 26, railroad cars full of art treasures, furniture, and other looted items were sent to Germany from France alone.
Göring repeatedly visited the Paris headquarters to review the incoming stolen goods and to select items to be sent on a special train to Carinhall and his other homes.
Göring was known for his extravagant tastes and garish clothing. He had various special uniforms made for the many posts he held;  his Reichsmarschall uniform included a jewel-encrusted baton.
Hans-Ulrich Rudel , the top Stuka pilot of the war, recalled twice meeting Göring dressed in outlandish costumes: first, a medieval hunting costume, practicing archery with his doctor; and second, dressed in a red toga fastened with a golden clasp, smoking an unusually large pipe.
Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano once noted Göring wearing a fur coat that looked like what "a high grade prostitute wears to the opera.
Göring was noted for his patronage of music, especially opera. He entertained frequently and sumptuously, and hosted elaborate birthday parties for himself.
For his birthday in , Speer gave Göring an oversize marble bust of Hitler. Generalfeldmarschall Erhard Milch told Speer that similar donations were required out of the Air Ministry's general fund.
The award reduced him to tears. The design of the Reichsmarschall standard, on a light blue field, featured a gold German eagle grasping a wreath surmounted by two batons overlaid with a swastika.
The flag was carried by a personal standard-bearer at all public occasions. Though he liked to be called " der Eiserne " the Iron Man , the once dashing and muscular fighter pilot had become corpulent.
He was one of the few Nazi leaders who did not take offence at hearing jokes about himself, "no matter how rude", taking them as a sign of popularity.
Germans joked about his ego, saying that he would wear an admiral's uniform with rubber medals to take a bath, and his obesity, joking that "he sits down on his stomach".
Pope unfrocked. Tiara and pontifical vestments are a perfect fit. Joseph Goebbels and Heinrich Himmler were far more antisemitic than Göring, who mainly adopted that attitude because party politics required him to do so.
But Göring supported the Nuremberg Laws of , and later initiated economic measures unfavourable to Jews. He proposed that the Jews be fined one billion marks.
At the same meeting, options for the disposition of the Jews and their property were discussed. Jews would be segregated into ghettos or encouraged to emigrate, and their property would be seized in a programme of Aryanization.
Compensation for seized property would be low, if any was given at all. In July , Göring issued a memo to Reinhard Heydrich ordering him to organise the practical details of the Final Solution to the "Jewish Question".
By the time that this letter was written, many Jews and others had already been killed in Poland, Russia , and elsewhere. At the Wannsee Conference , held six months later, Heydrich formally announced that genocide of the Jews was now official Reich policy.
Göring did not attend the conference, but he was present at other meetings where the number of people killed was discussed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Göring disambiguation. German Nazi war criminal, politician and military leader. Paul von Hindenburg — Adolf Hitler —; as Führer.
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Goeringa" PDF , Gazeta Lwowska in Polish : 1, 5 October , retrieved 20 January Svenska Riddarordnarna".
Bihang till Sveriges Statskalender in Swedish. Beevor, Antony Februar reichte er von Stockholm aus seinen Abschied bei der Reichswehr ein, die nach den Bestimmungen des Versailler Vertrages keine Luftstreitkräfte besitzen durfte.
Dabei beantragte er seine nachträgliche Beförderung zum Hauptmann und verzichtete auf etwaige Versorgungsansprüche.
Im Juni wurde seinem Antrag stattgegeben. Februar flog er vom Stockholmer Flughafen Lindarängen  aus den Forschungsreisenden Eric von Rosen auf dessen Gut Rockelstad und lernte dort seine erste Frau, die verheiratete Schwedin Carin Freifrau von Kantzow , geb.
Freiin von Fock, kennen. Dezember willigte Carins Gatte in die Scheidung ein. Januar heiratete Göring die vier Jahre ältere Carin in Stockholm.
Die Trauung wurde am 3. Februar am neuen Wohnort der Görings in Obermenzing bei München wiederholt. Göring immatrikulierte sich an der Universität München , um ab Winter  Geschichte, Volkswirtschaft und Staatswissenschaften zu studieren.
Zu seinen Professoren gehörten der Historiker Karl Alexander von Müller  und der Staatsrechtler Hans Nawiasky. Göring entzog die SA dem Einfluss der Organisation Consul , organisierte sie neu und schuf ein eigenes Oberkommando.
An Stelle der bisherigen organisierten Hundertschaften traten Sturmkompanien in der unteren Struktur — diese wurden in der höheren zu Sturmbataillonen und Sturmregimentern zusammengefasst.
Organisatorisch wurde die SA von der NSDAP abgenabelt und von einer Parteitruppe in einen Wehrverband umgewandelt.
Daher war es durchaus konsequent, die SA dem Einfluss Hermann Ehrhardts , des Führers der Organisation Consul, zu entziehen.
In seiner Funktion als SA-Kommandeur nahm Göring zudem am 9. November am Hitlerputsch teil, der von einer Einheit der bayerischen Landespolizei beendet wurde.
Der jüdische Eigentümer des Anwesens, Robert Ballin , nahm den stark blutenden Göring bei sich auf. Ballin und seine Frau wurden auf Betreiben Görings nach dem Novemberpogrom aus dem KZ Dachau freigelassen.
Göring gelang unter Begleitung von Carin die Flucht nach Österreich. Wegen seiner Schmerzen erhielt er in einem Innsbrucker Krankenhaus Morphin - Injektionen — der Beginn von Görings Morphinismus.
Als in München der Hitler-Prozess stattfand, hielt Göring sich nach wie vor in Österreich auf. Ende April wurde er zum Verlassen Österreichs aufgefordert.
Er ging nach Italien und hielt sich als Bevollmächtigter Hitlers in Venedig und Rom auf. Im Frühjahr zog er mit Carin in eine Wohnung in Stockholm und verfiel hier erstmals der Drogensucht.
Schon nach wenigen Wochen konnte er die Klinik als geheilt wieder verlassen und erhielt eine ärztliche Bescheinigung , dass er während der Behandlung nie Anzeichen einer Geisteskrankheit gezeigt habe.
Die Generalamnestie des neuen Reichspräsidenten Paul von Hindenburg es war die erste von vier Hindenburg-Amnestien ; weitere gab es , und erlaubte ihm die Rückkehr nach Deutschland.
Er nahm am 3. Juli am NSDAP-Parteitag in Weimar teil, wo sich herausstellte, dass man ihn aus der Liste der Parteimitglieder gestrichen hatte.
Nach 19 Tagen Aufenthalt konnte er die Klinik am September wieder verlassen. Er kehrte Ende endgültig nach Deutschland zurück und trat erneut in die NSDAP und SA ein.
Göring knüpfte Kontakte zu alten Fliegerkameraden wie Bruno Loerzer , Ernst Udet und Paul Körner. Mit Carin wohnte er nun in Berlin-Schöneberg und zog nach den Reichstagswahlen vom Mai in den Reichstag ein.
Später wurde er von Hitler zum SA-Gruppenführer ernannt. Bei seinen Besuchen in Berlin war Hitler ein häufiger Gast bei den Görings.
Nach der Reichstagswahl vom Göring versuchte, die nationalsozialistische Bewegung in der besseren Gesellschaft hoffähig zu machen.
So veranstaltete er in seiner Wohnung ein Treffen zwischen Fritz Thyssen , Hjalmar Schacht und Adolf Hitler. Nach diesem Treffen verteilte Thyssen einige Spenden an nationalsozialistische Zeitungen.
Vor allem aber unterstützte er seinen Freund Hermann Göring, um ihm einen adäquaten Lebens- und Wohnstil zu ermöglichen. Im Sommer reisten die Görings nach Schweden, wo Carins Mutter am September unerwartet starb.
Carin Göring starb wenige Wochen später am Oktober an Tuberkulose. Hitler war bei dieser Hochzeit Trauzeuge.
Mit Emmy hatte er eine Tochter, Edda Göring — Nachdem in der Reichstagswahl Juli die NSDAP erstmals zur stärksten Partei geworden war, konnte sich Göring in der ersten Sitzung des Reichstags am August bei der Wahl zum Reichstagspräsidenten mit Unterstützung der bürgerlichen Parteien gegen die Kandidaten Paul Löbe SPD und Ernst Torgler KPD durchsetzen.
In der Reichstagssitzung vom September erreichte Göring durch einen Verfahrenstrick, dass trotz einer bereits erlassenen Verfügung des Reichspräsidenten Paul von Hindenburg zur Auflösung des Reichstags noch über ein Misstrauensvotum gegen das Kabinett Papen abgestimmt werden konnte.
Vor Beginn der Abstimmung, als von Papen die wenige Minuten zuvor erlassene und von ihm gegengezeichnete Auflösungsverfügung Hindenburgs bekanntgeben wollte, übersah Göring absichtlich den sich stehend zu Wort meldenden Reichskanzler dem er zu diesem Zeitpunkt nach der Geschäftsordnung des Reichstags sofort das Wort hätte erteilen müssen und erklärte die Abstimmung für eröffnet.
Mit zu 42 Stimmen sprach der Reichstag dem Kabinett Papen daraufhin das Misstrauen aus. Erst jetzt nahm Göring die Auflösungsverfügung zur Kenntnis, tat sie aber mit der Bemerkung ab, sie sei von Männern gegengezeichnet, denen der Reichstag gerade das Misstrauen ausgesprochen habe.
Bei den daraufhin für den 4. November ausgeschriebenen Neuwahlen zum Reichstag musste die NSDAP zwar Stimmenverluste hinnehmen, blieb aber die stärkste Fraktion.
Göring wurde erneut mit bürgerlicher Mehrheit zum Reichstagspräsidenten gewählt. In den folgenden Monaten hatte er entscheidenden Anteil an der Zerschlagung der Weimarer Republik.
Januar ernannte Reichspräsident von Hindenburg Adolf Hitler zum Reichskanzler. Dieser holte Göring und Wilhelm Frick als einzige nationalsozialistische Minister in sein Kabinett.
Damit spielte er bei der Machtübernahme und dem Aufbau des NS-Regimes eine entscheidende Rolle, da man sich nur mittels der Kontrolle über die Ordnungsorgane der politischen Gegner entledigen konnte siehe auch Hilfspolizei.
Nach dem Rücktritt von Papens in dieser Funktion wurde Göring am Bereits am Zur Druckerhöhung auf die Polizeibeamten wurden den regulären Polizeieinheiten mit Erlass vom Es mussten nach einem Verteilungsschlüssel von den insgesamt fünfzigtausend eingestellten Hilfskräften auch ein Fünftel aus den Reihen des bewaffneten Armes der — ebenfalls demokratiefeindlichen — Deutschnationalen Volkspartei DNVP , dem Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten , kommen.
O padrinho de Göring era o Dr. Foi hospitalizado com reumatismo resultante da humidade existente nas trincheiras.
Ambos foram colocados no FFA 25, do 5. Depois de ter sido gravemente ferido na anca - ficando quase um ano a recuperar - passou para a Jagdstaffel 26 , comandada por Loerzer, em Fevereiro de Em , Göring mudou-se para a Dinamarca onde viveu quase um ano.
Göring era contratado, habitualmente, para voos privados. Göring ficou apaixonado, e convidou-a para um encontro em Estocolmo. Carin divorciou-se, partiu para Munique e casou-se com Göring a 3 de Fevereiro de Gostava dele.
Fiz dele chefe da minha SA. Dei-lhe um conjunto de pessoas desorganizadas. Os Göring, com pouco dinheiro e a depender da ajuda de simpatizantes nazis no exterior, foram para Veneza.
Göring conheceu Mussolini, que expressou o seu interesse em se encontrar com Hitler, que se encontrava preso.
Os problemas pessoais continuaram a aumentar. Göring foi um dos primeiros a chegar ao local. Hitler estava bastante preocupado com a possibilidade de Ernst Röhm , chefe da SA, estar a planear um golpe.
Himmler e Reinhard Heydrich planearam, juntamente com Göring, usar a Gestapo e a SS para destruir a SA. Hitler e a sua companheira, Eva Braun , suicidaram-se a 30 de Abril de Foi preso, perto de Radstadt , a 6 de Maio.
By April , however, with the Allies moving in, Göring attempted to assume Hitler's powers in accordance with the pronouncements of , as he considered Hitler to be pinned down and virtually helpless in Berlin.
Convinced that this was an act of treason, Hitler stripped Göring of his offices and titles, and placed him under house arrest.
By April , the situation for the Nazis had become dire, and on April 30, , Hitler and wife Eva Braun committed suicide.
Göring was freed from prison, and he immediately sought out American troops and surrendered. While awaiting trial as a war criminal, Göring finally was able to break his morphine addiction, and he defended himself before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremburg.
Göring denied any involvement in the regime's more monstrous activities but was condemned to death nonetheless. He pleaded to be shot instead of hanged, but the tribunal refused his request.
On October 15, , the night that his execution was ordered — and a year and a half after Hitler had committed suicide in his own bunker — Göring took a cyanide capsule and died in his cell.
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